你真的“误会”弱视了

As you will discover when reading this book, there is nothing wrong with the amblyopic eye itself, and the amblyopic eye is not lazy. Amblyopia is a breakdown or malfunction of the neurological process of vision. The process of vision occurs in the brain and not in the eye.

 

在阅读本书时,你会发现,弱视眼本身没有任何问题,弱视眼并不懒惰。弱视,是视觉神经通路出了问题。也就是说问题出在大脑,而不是眼睛。

  

Advances in neuroscience have demonstrated that amblyopia is a problem of binocularity (the relationship and competition between the two eyes). This will be very clear after reading the book, especially the bibliography, which includes many quotes from the scientific literature.

  

神经科学最新研究发现,弱视是双眼视功能的问题(双眼协调关系和竞争关系)。读完这本书,大家对弱视病因,就有更透彻的了解。尤其是参考文献中很多相关的科学研究。

  

9.jpg

 

9.Vision occurs in the brain, not just in the eyes.

 

图9弱视的问题出在大脑,而不是眼睛。

 

The following is a quote describing the role of binocular vision, from Robert F. Hess, PhD, DSC, professor and director of the research department of ophthalmology at McGill University.

  

以下这段话引用于Robert F. Hess的研究,阐述了双眼视的重要性,Robert F. Hess是麦吉尔大学眼视光医学院教授。

 

“Strabismic amblyopes possess cortical cells… suppressive mechanisms render their cortex functionally monocular. The consequence is that amblyopia is an intrinsically binocular problem and not the monocular problem on which current patching treatment is predicated.”

 

“斜视性弱视的视觉皮层细胞...抑制了大脑中单眼视皮质功能。因此弱视本质上是双眼问题,而不是单眼问题。但目前遮盖治疗解决的仅是单眼问题。”

  

Amblyopia, on a behavioral level, is a dysfunction that restricts an individual’s ability to gather, process, analyze, and respond to visual information.

 

从行为层面来说,弱视是一种功能障碍,它会限制人们对视觉信息的收集、处理、分析和反馈。

 

In the landmark book, Amblyopia by Drs. Ciuffreda and Levi, they discuss that while one eye suffers more than the other, the reduced visual acuity in amblyopia is but one of many visual abilities that are affected. Additional visual abilities that are affected include:

 

Ciuffreda博士和Levi博士所著《弱视》一书,已作为教科书使用。这本书中写道,弱视患者的视力降低,这只是视功能受损的表现之一。其它受到损害的视功能包括:

 

- Eye movement control including fixation, saccades, and pursuits

 

- Eye coordination (vergence eye movement)

 

- Focusing ability (accommodative control and amplitude)

 

- Visual contrast sensitivity

 

- Coordination of vestibular-optokinetic movements

 

- Pupillary reaction to light

 

- Visual information processing

 

-眼球运动,包括注视,扫视和追随

 

-眼睛协调能力(辐辏运动)

 

-聚焦能力(调节控制和调节幅度)

 

-视觉对比灵敏度

 

-大脑前庭-视觉运动的协调能力

 

-瞳孔对光反射

 

-视觉信息处理

 

Vision occurs in the brain and not in the eye. In amblyopia,

 

science has shown that in the vast majority of the cases

 

there is nothing wrong with the eye; the problem is in the brain.

  

视觉是在大脑中形成,而非眼睛。关于弱视, 医学解释说,绝大多数的弱视患者眼睛没有问题,问题出在大脑。