家长须知:弱视的冰山效应(三)

家长须知:弱视的冰山效应(三)

 

弱视对孩子的影响,不仅表现在视力降低,视功能也整体受损,影响孩子的学习和生活。前两期中,我们提到,弱视会影响眼球运动,导致孩子阅读时串行、丢字拉字;影响调节功能,你会发现,孩子经常揉眼睛,特别是阅读之后,觉得眼睛疲劳;影响双眼协调能力,孩子很难集中注意力,成绩低下。

本期文章,我们继续了解,弱视对孩子带来的影响。

VISUAL-MOTOR INTEGRATION (EYE-HAND COORDINATION)

视觉-运动整合能力(手眼协调)

Visual-motor integration is essential for efficient and effortless writing, copy from one place to another, expressing ideas in written form, and optimal sports performance.

视觉运动整合能力,对孩子来说至关重要。正常的手眼协调,使我们可以高效率、毫不费力的写字,抄写笔记,通过书面的形式表达想法,并具有最佳的运动表现能力。

FUNCTIONS功能:

1)Teaming of eyes and hands.

2)Reproducing forms, such as when writing and drawing.

1)手眼协调能力。

2)临摹能力,如抄写和绘画等。

DIFFICIENCIES IN THIS ABILITY CAN CAUSE:

视觉运动整合能力不佳会导致:

1)Sports performance below potential.

2)Stressful and/or poor quality of handwriting.

3)Fatigue when writing.

4)Difficulties with fine motor coordination (cutting, coloring, puzzles, etc)

1)运动能力不佳。

2)写字特别用力,或者写字歪歪扭扭。

3)写字时容易疲劳。

4)精细运动协调障碍(如切东西、涂色、拼图等)

家长须知:弱视的冰山效应(三)

VISUAL-SPATIAL ABILITY (DIRECTIONAL CONCEPTS)

视觉空间能力(方向感)

The understanding of the body, where it is in space, and the ability to spatially project those coordinates are crucial for optimal visual performance, eliminating reversals, and following directions.

视觉空间感,指能判断身体所处空间位置,这对提高视觉表现能力、消除左右颠倒、提高方向跟随能力十分关键。

FUNCTIONS功能:

1)Accurate spatial judgements.

2)Laterality/directionality (understanding right and left).

3)Understanding maps, diagrams, etc.

1)准确的空间判断。

2)区分左右。

3)理解地图、图表等。

DIFFICIENCIES IN THIS ABILITY CAN CAUSE:

视觉空间功能缺陷会导致:

1)Reversals of letters, words, and numbers in reading and writing.

2)Difficulty following directions, understanding maps, and diagrams.

1)读写过程中,出现字母、词语和数字位置颠倒的现象。

2)跟踪方向困难,理解地图和图表有障碍。

文章摘自: CROSSED & LAZY EYES MYTHS,MISCONCEPTIONS AND TRUTHS)