“We are in a new era of neuroscience and every day more applications are being investigated for brain rebabilitation. Neuroplasticity is a reality that nobody now denies.”
V. S. RAMACHANDRAN
Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition. Destinguished Professor with the Psychology Department and Neurosciences Program at
the University of California, San Diego.
Today, many advances in the field of neuroscience regarding brain plasticity have shown that the belief that the adult brain could not be changed is now absolutely false. It is now clear from many scientific studies that the brain remains plastic throughout life, and no one in the scientific world doubts this any longer.
What is neural plasticity?
This term refers to the ability of the brain to establish new neural connections and achieve neuronal reorganization after suffering damage from any cause. This is also extended to include brain areas that did not develop normally at the age at which they should have. In fact, as stated by Dr. Susan Barry, it has been shown that the brain can grow new neurons at any age. This process is called neurogenesis.
How can we use neural plasticity to recover lost skills and develop new ones? Neurological reorganization therapy, which includes behavioral optometric vision therapy, works as follows: Neural learning takes place as the patient is exposed to a situation that is similar, but novel and slightly different, than what he is accustomed to. This, combined with motivation, feedback, awareness, control, and practice, actually strengthens old visual pathways and can even build new ones. This can be accomplished at any age.
To quote John Ratey, MD from his book A User’s Guide to the Brain,
“To change the wiring in one skill, you must engage in some activity that is unfamiliar, novel to you but related to that skill, because simply repeating the same activity only maintains already established connections… our brains are wonderfully plastic throughout adulthood, and the brain has a tremendous ability to compensate and rewire with practice.”
下面的引用，来自医学博士John Ratey的书A User’s Guide to the Brain《大脑使用指南》：
What Dr. Ratey is speaking about in his book is exactly the theory behind, and the essence of, behavioral optometric vision therapy. Clinically it is what guides every behavioral optometric vision therapy procedure.
（文章摘自: CROSSED & LAZY EYES MYTHS,MISCONCEPTIONS AND TRUTHS）